Palladio, Andrea


Palladio, Andrea
(Andrea di Pietro della Gondola; 1508-1580)
   Architect and theorist from Vincenza who trained in Padua as a stonemason and was active in Venice and its outlying areas. The name Palladio derives from Pallas Athena (Minerva), goddess of wisdom, bestowed on him by his protector and earliest patron, the humanist and amateur architect Giangiorgio Trissino. Trissino took Palladio to Rome in 1541 so he could study the ancient remains and the works of the moderns. The work that established Palladio's reputation is the Basilica of Vincenza (beg. 1549), a commission he received after Giulio Romano's design was rejected by the town council. Palladio's design for this structure borrows heavily from Jacopo Sansovino's Library of St. Mark in Venice (1537-1580s), particularly in the repetition of arches and the play of voids and solids that grant the structure a rhythmic quality. After this, Palladio became the favored architect of the aristocracy in Vincenza. Among the palaces he built for them are the Palazzo Thiene (beg. c. 1542), the Palazzo Valmarana (beg. 1565), and the Villa Rotonda (c. 1566-1570), this last among his greatest masterpieces. Built as a pleasure home for the wealthy patrician Paolo Almerico, the building features four classical porticoes situated on the cardinal points and a dome inspired by that of the Pantheon in Rome. The numerical proportions of the building's plan are based on ancient Greek musical ratios, embracing a concept that had existed since antiquity that the same numerical relations that are pleasing to the ear can also be pleasing to the eye. Palladio's Teatro Olímpico (1580-1584), also in Vincenza, was an attempt to reconstruct an ancient Roman theater Vitruvius described in his architectural treatise. In Venice, Palladio built two major churches, San Giorgio Maggiore (beg. 1566) and Il Redentore (beg. 1577). Both present two interlocking temple façades to compensate for the different heights of the interior nave and aisles. Palladio's Quattro Libri, a treatise on architecture, caused wide diffusion of his works, particularly in England where Inigo Jones introduced the Palladian vocabulary, thereby initiating a new movement that was to last well into the 18th century.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palladio, Andrea — • Italian architect (1508 1580) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Palladio, Andrea — orig. Andrea di Pietro della Gondola born Nov. 30, 1508, Padua, Republic of Venice died August 1580, Vicenza Italian architect. While a young mason, he was noticed by an Italian scholar and soon found himself studying mathematics, music,… …   Universalium

  • PALLADIO, Andrea — (1508 1580)    Andrea Palladio is best known for establishing an enduring tradition of classicism, not only in the Veneto during the High Renaissance but also through subsequent generations of classical architects who looked to the Palladian… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • PALLADIO, Andrea — (1508 1580) Andrea Palladio was among the most significant sixteenth century Italian ar­chitects and almost unquestionably the most influential figure in Western post­Renaissance architectural theory. Palladio was born Andrea di Pietro della… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Palladio, Andrea — ► (1508 80) Arquitecto italiano. En 1549 el Consejo de Ciento de la ciudad de Vicenza le encargó la reconstrucción del palacio de la Ragione. En Vicenza realizó desde ese momento muchos palacios particulares, en los que se reveló también su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Palladio, Andrea — (1508 1580)    Italian architect. His harmo nious and balanced neoclassical buildings set a style for palaces, country houses, and churches that spread from his home region in northern Italy throughout Europe. The most famous example of his… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Palladio,Andrea — Pal·la·dio (pə lāʹdē ō, pä läʹdyō), Andrea. 1508 1580. Italian architect who developed a style based on the classicism of ancient Rome, breaking with the ornate conventions of the Italian Renaissance. His works include the Villa Rotonda and the… …   Universalium

  • Palladio, Andrea — soprannome di Andrea di Pietro della Gondola …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • PALLADIO, ANDREA —    an Italian architect, born at Vicenza, of poor parents; was precursor of the modern Italian style of architecture, and author of a treatise on architecture that has borne fruit; his works, which are masterpieces of the Renaissance, consist… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Palladio, Andrea — (1508 1580); Architekt (u. a.: Villa Almerico (La Rotonda), Palazzo della Ragione, Palazzo Chiericati und Teatro Olimpico in Vicenca, S. Giorgio Maggiore in Venedig) und Architekturtheoretiker (u. a. I Quattro Libri Dell Architectura, 1570) …   Erläuterung wichtiger Begriffe des Bauwesens